Disease Burden

Sri Lanka is witnessing a shift in the disease burden from communicable diseases to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). 103,500 people die in Sri Lanka each year due to NCDs, which accounts for 75% of all deaths in the country. The NCD epidemic poses a serious economic issue, as a significant proportion of the annual health budget is spent on NCD treatment. NCD prevention and control measures are a key priority for the government’ (World Health Organisation, 2016)

Tropical / Infectious Diseases

In 2017, 184442 suspected dengue cases were reported island-wide to the Epidemiology Unit.

41.53% of the dengue cases were reported from the Western province No. of cases of Rabies in Sri Lanka from 2000-2016.

To overcome NTDs in 2012, World Health Organisation (WHO) published a strategic plan which included the eradication of thetropical diseases.

Non Communicable Diseases

Non communicable diseases (NCDs) now account for approximately 85% of the disease burden.

Burden due to NCDs is equal to that of high income countries.

NCD Burden: the urban-rural divide is narrowing.

Prevalence of major NCD risk factors is expected to increase.